English Vocab

1. FUNDAMENTAL : मौलिक
Meaning:serving as a basis supporting existence or determining essential structure or function
Synonyms: basic, elemental
Antonyms: advanced, final
Example:The large tumor and the damage from its treatment prevented him from being able to do one of the most fundamental things humans do.

2. SOPHISTRY : कुतर्क 

Meaning:subtly deceptive reasoning or argumentation
Synonyms: casuistry, fallacy
Antonyms: honesty, truth
Example:Some complain soccer is a chintzy distraction from the sophistry of our ruling classes.

3. OBFUSCATE : अस्पष्ट करना 
Meaning:to confuse
Synonyms: befog, confuse
Antonyms: clarify, befog
Example:She was criticized for using arguments that obfuscated the main issue.

4. OBDURATE : हठी  
Meaning:stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing
Synonyms:callous, stubborn
Antonyms: humane, sensitive
Example:Union leaders remain obdurate that working conditions and pay improve.

5. INTENT : इरादा 
Meaning:the fact that you want and plan to do something
Synonyms:aim, intention
Antonyms:irresolute, hesitant
Example:She was charged with possessing weapons with intent to endanger life.

6. LANGUISH : दुर्बल 
Meaning:to exist in an unpleasant or unwanted situation, often for a long time
Synonyms:decay, weaken
Antonyms: fortify, strengthen
Example:After languishing in obscurity for many years, her early novels have recently been rediscovered.

7. DEBASEMENT : नीचा दिखाना  
Meaning:the action of reducing the quality or value of something
Synonyms: abase, corrupt
Antonyms: uplift, ennoble
Example:Currency debasement means that the more dollars there are in circulation, the less each dollar is worth.

8. DEFIANCE : अवज्ञा 
Meaning: behaviour in which you refuse to obey someone or something
Synonyms: balkiness, forwardness
Antonyms: compliance, submission
Example:In defiance of the ceasefire, rebel troops are again firing on the capital.

9. ABRIDGE : संक्षेप करना 
Meaning:to reduce someone's freedom, rights, etc.
Synonyms: curtail, truncate
Antonyms: extend, prolong
Example:He said that Congress would make no law abridging the freedom of speech.

10. FORAY : धावा 
Meaning:a short visit, especially with a known purpose
Synonyms: descent, invasion
Antonyms: leave, abstention
Example:I made a quick foray into town before lunch to get my sister a present.

Ⓒ 2019. JMS Classes Raisinghnagar
✆ 9667070111

Designed By : Satnam Gill