English Vocab

1. OVERTURE (noun): सन्धि प्रस्ताव
Meaning: an introduction to something more substantial.

Synonyms: prelude, introduction, opening, voluntary.
Antonyms: conclusion, epilogue, aftermath, coda.

Usage: He spent more time with the orchestra, with the overture in the beginning of the show than the whole block of the show.

2 HEFT (verb): वज़न
Meaning: lift or carry (something heavy).
Synonyms: lift, heave, hoist, haul.
Antonyms: lower, drop, fix, dodge.
Usage: Reluctantly, she hefted herself up and picked up the phone.

3. SUPERANNUATED (adjective): वयोवृद्ध
Meaning: outdated or obsolete through age or new developments;
Synonyms: anachronistic, antiquated, defunct, obsolete.
Antonyms: modern, modish, newfangled, modernized.
Usage: The information on my website was superannuated and needed updating.

4. STEER (verb): रास्ते पर लाना
Meaning: Guide the movement or course of.
Synonyms: guide, conduct, direct, lead.
Antonyms: abandon, ashore, fuddle, trail.
Usage: I held back a smile at his obvious attempt to steer me back on course.

5. Brickbat: (noun) रोड़ा
Meaning: an act or expression showing scorn and usually intended to hurt another’s feelings
Synonyms: affront, barb, epithet, indignity.
Antonyms: accolade, commendation, compliment, acclaim.
Usage: The candidates were reduced to hurling brickbats at each other.

6. TREASON: (noun) राज-द्रोह
Meaning: the action of betraying someone or something.
Synonyms: betrayal, disloyalty, falsity, treachery.
Antonyms: faithfulness, loyalty, staunchness, steadfastness.
Usage: Reading a friend’s diary without permission would have to be regarded as the ultimate act of personal treason.

7. MEDDLE: (verb) हस्तक्षेप करना
Meaning: interfere in something that is not one’s concern.
Synonyms: interlope, intrude, poke, pry.
Antonyms: shun, disregard, neglect, overlook.
Usage: Please stop meddling in your sister’s life, even though you mean well.

8. STASH (noun): छिपाने की जगह
Meaning: A store or supply of something, typically one that is kept hidden or secret.
Synonyms: hoard, stockpile, store, reservoir.
Antonyms: cast, discard, dump, jettison.
Usage: He looks around for a place to stash the dough and start a new identity.

9. SMUG (adjective): आत्मसंतुष्ट
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms: bighead, complacence, egotism, vainglory.
Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.
Usage: Because Rocky had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.

10. DAFT (adjective): मंदबुद्धि
Meaning: silly; foolish.
Synonyms: balmy, bedlam, demented, deranged
Antonyms: rational, reasonable, judicious, sensible.
Usage: We were shocked that Diana was so daft to believe John’s tale.

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