English Vocab

1.  PUTATIVE (Adjective) : विख्यात 
Meaning: generally considered or reputed to be.
Synonyms: supposed, acknowledged, accepted, reported
Antonyms: proven, real

Example: Although Charles has not received the crown, he is already being treated as the putative king of his country.

2.  HEAVE (Verb) : उतार-चढ़ाव 
Meaning: lift or haul (something heavy) with great effort.
Synonyms: haul, pull, lug, drag
Antonyms: push
Example: After he tried to heave the heavy weight above his head for a third time, the weak lifter decided to give up.

3. PENCHANT (Noun) : झुकाव/प्रवृत्ति 
Meaning: a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something.
Synonyms: liking, fondness, preference, taste, relish,
Antonyms: dislike, disinclination
Example: Juliet, a music major, had a penchant for playing the piano.

4. PIVOTAL (Adjective) :  मूलभूत 
Meaning: of crucial importance in relation to the development or success of something else.
Synonyms: crucial, vital, critical, essential
Antonyms: inessential, trivial
Example: Good customer service is pivotal to a successful business.

5. REMINISCE (Verb) : याद ताजा करना 
Meaning: indulge in enjoyable recollection of past events.
Synonyms: recall, remind
Antonyms: disregard, ignore
Example: As soon as the veterans get together, they reminisce about their service days.

6. SALIENCE (Noun) : विशेषता 
Meaning: the quality of being particularly noticeable or important; prominence.
Synonyms: prominence, eminence, fame, importance
Antonyms: insignificance, unimportance
Example: Two board members wanted to discuss the salience of the health care issue, but the others didn’t see the importance.

7. MILITATE (Verb) : विरोध करना 
Meaning: (of a fact or circumstance) be a powerful or conclusive factor in preventing.
Synonyms: resist, hinder, oppose
Antonyms: reinforce
Example: Sufficient they must take; but too many would be counter-productive and would militate against surprise and secrecy.

8. Relegate (Verb) : पदावनति 
Meaning: assign an inferior rank or position to.
Synonyms: downgrade, degrade, banish, exile
Antonyms: upgrade, promote
Example: After the lead actors had been repeatedly late for rehearsal, the director decided to relegate them to the chorus and replace them with their understudies.

9. STRADDLE (Verb) : टाँगे फैलाकर खड़े होना 
Meaning: sit or stand with one leg on either side of.
Synonyms: bestride, hedge
Example: In order to climb the fence, she needed to carefully straddle the structure.

10. SIEGE (Noun) : घेराबंदी 
Meaning: a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies, with the aim of compelling those inside to surrender.
Synonyms: blockade, barricade, restriction
Antonyms: clearance, opening
Example: During the siege of the village, the villagers were forced to give up their property.

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