English Vocab

1. SCUFFLE (noun): हाथापाई
Meaning: a physical dispute between opposing individuals or groups
Synonyms: clash, fracas, fray, hassle.

Antonyms: truce, agreement, accordance, peace.
Usage: It is expected for the friends to get into a light scuffle over their chores, but no one got hurt.

2. SMATTERING (noun): कम संख्या में
Meaning: a small number
Synonyms: couple, few, handful, sprinkle.
Antonyms: horde, legion, loads, multitude.

Usage: He spoke a smattering of words she didn’t understand.

3. LUNACY (noun): पागलपन
Meaning: a foolish act or idea
Synonyms: absurdity, fatuity, imbecility, inanity.
Antonyms: discretion, prudence, sagacity, wisdom.
Usage: With bizarre behavior from the loud singing woman, the neighbors realized the lunacy that the woman had.

4. BACKLASH (noun): प्रतिक्रिया
Meaning: a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, especially to a social or political
Synonyms: ricochet, counteraction, retaliation, reverberation.
Antonyms: decertify, forbid, invalidate, cause.
Usage: The president received backlash from thousands of people who disagreed with his Twitter

5. STREW (verb): बिखेरना
Meaning: scatter or spread (things) untidily over a surface or area.
Synonyms: scatter, stipple, spatter, disperse.
Antonyms: centralize, concentrate, accumulate, collect.
Usage: Environmentalists were saddened to see people strew litter everywhere in the medians of the

6. VEST (verb): किसी को (शक्ति, प्राधिकरण, संपत्ति, आदि) प्रदान करना
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonyms: entrust, bestow, confer, grant.
Antonyms: retain, hold back, reserve, withhold.
Usage: Citizens of the United States have the vested right to freedom of speech.

7. DURESS (noun): अवरोध
Meaning: threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something
against their will or better judgement.
Synonyms: coercion, compulsion, pressurization, enforcement.
Antonyms: agreement, approval, consent, persuasion.
Usage: I think Harry was under duress when she signed the agreement; he never would have voluntarily accepted those conditions.

8. SMUG (adjective): आत्मसंतुष्ट
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms: bighead, conceitedness, ego, vainglory.
Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.
Usage: Because Rohit had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.

9. UPKEEP (noun): अनुरक्षण
Meaning: the act or activity of keeping something in an existing and usually satisfactory condition.
Synonyms: maintenance, protection, preservation, conservation.
Antonyms: dereliction, negligence, damage, demolition.
Usage: The business house will spend Rs. 35 crore over the next 5 years on the fort’s upkeep.

10. GNAW (verb): कष्ट देना
Meaning: cause persistent distress or anxiety.
Synonyms: nag, torment, bother, fret.
Antonyms: mitigate, pacify, assist, ameliorate.
Usage: Maybe you choose to seethe silently about something, letting it gnaw away at you.

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