English Vocab

1Commensurate [kuh-men-ser-it, -sher-] =आनुपातिक
Adjective: corresponding in amount, magnitude, or degree; proportionate; adequate; having the same measure; of equal extent or duration; having a common measure or divisor; commensurable.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: comparable, compatible, consistent, proportionate, sufficient, appropriate, coextensive, due.
Antonyms/विलोम: incompatible, unsuitable, inadequate, inappropriate, incommensurate, unacceptable, unfitting.

Example/उदाहरण : This does not portend well for doing business in India.

2Portend [pawr-tend, pohr-] =पूर्वाभास या पूर्वसूचना देना
Verb: to indicate in advance; to foreshadow or presage, as an omen does; to signify; mean.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: augur, bespeak, foretell, predict, presage, adumbrate, betoken.

Example/उदाहरण: The tension between ownership to tangible and intangible property and the enjoyment of the commons by all is not a new phenomenon.

3Tangible [tan-juh-buh l] =स्पर्श्य
Adjective: capable of being touched; discernible by the touch; material or substantial; real or actual, rather than imaginary or visionary; definite; not vague or elusive; (of an asset) having actual physical existence, as real estate or chattels, and therefore capable of being assigned a value in monetary terms.
Noun: something tangible, especially a tangible asset.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: palpable, touchable, actual, appreciable, corporeal, definite, detectable, discernible, distinct, embodied.
Antonyms/विलोम: abstract, conceptual, imperceptible, intangible, unreal.

Example/उदाहरण: But commons are being fenced with grim determination not just by private encroachers but even by the state with its irresistible might.

4Grim [grim] =निष्ठुर
Adjective: stern and admitting of no appeasement or compromise; of a sinister or ghastly character; repellent; having a harsh, surly, forbidding, or morbid air.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: bleak, cruel, ghastly, gloomy, glum, grisly, gruesome, harsh, horrid, ominous, shocking.
Antonyms/विलोम: bright, cheerful, comforting, encouraging, gentle, good, happy, joyful, kind.

Example/उदाहरण: This was no permanent construction or encroachment, just few hours ofrobust and joyous play, for children who had been practising for it.

5Encroachment [en-krohch-muh nt] =अतिक्रमण
Noun: an act or instance of encroaching; anything taken by encroaching.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: inroad, intrusion, invasion, trespass.

6Robust [roh-buhst, roh-buhst] =बलवान
Adjective: strong and healthy; hardy; vigorous; a robust faith; a robust mind; strongly or stoutly built; suited to or requiring bodily strength or endurance; rough, rude, or boisterous.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: booming, hearty, hefty, potent, powerful, prosperous, sturdy, tough.
Antonyms/विलोम: fragile, impotent, incapable, ineffective, lethargic, small, unstable.

Example/उदाहरण: Then we have reports of growing juvenile delinquency, blind to the reality that a childhood spent without the freedom of playing in open spaces could warp the young minds.

7Delinquency [dih-ling-kwuh n-see] =अपराध
Noun: failure in or neglect of duty or obligation; dereliction; default; wrongful, illegal, or antisocial behavior; any misdeed, offense, or misdemeanor.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: default, crime, dereliction, failure, fault, lapse, misbehavior, misdeed.
Antonyms/विलोम: accomplishment, achievement, care, good deed, kindness, obedience, perfection.

Example/उदाहरण: Section 327 of the Criminal Procedure Code says, “The place in which any Criminal Court is held for the purpose of inquiring into or trying any offence shall be deemed to be an open Court, to which the public generally may have access, so far as the same can conveniently contain them.”

8Deem [deem] =समझना
Verb: to form or have an opinion; judge; think.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: allow, assume, believe, expect, feel, presume, suppose.
Antonyms/विलोम: disbelieve, disregard, forget, ignore, misinterpret, mistrust.

Example/उदाहरण: The Mental Healthcare Act was approved recently by Parliament. From now on, stigmatising a mentally ill person, and denying him or her the wherewithal for treatment will be illegal.

9Stigmatise [stig-muh-tahyz] =कलंकित करना
Verb: to set some mark of disgrace or infamy upon; to mark with a stigma or brand; to produce stigmata, marks, spots, or the like, on.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: characterize, class, classify, defame, denounce, designate.
Antonyms/विलोम: approve, commend, compliment, exaltpraise.

10Wherewithal [hwair-with-awl, -with-, wair-] =साधन
Noun: that with which to do something; means or supplies for the purpose or need, especially money.
Adverb: by means of which; out of which.
Synonyms/पर्यायवाची: financing, funds, means, money, resources, wealth.
Antonym/विलोम: debt.

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