English Vocab

1. BADINAGE (noun) परिहास
Meaning: humorous or witty conversation.
Synonyms: banter, chaff, raillery, repartee.
Antonyms: bullying, criticism, argument, fight.

Usage: The president was in a good mood as he walked through the crowd and made several voters laugh with his witty badinage.

2. MELLOW (adjective) मधुर
Meaning: (especially of a sound, flavour, or color) pleasantly smooth or soft; free from harshness.
Synonyms: dulcet, euphonious, melodious, mellifluous.
Antonyms: gruff, abrasive, caustic, coarse.
Usage: His mellow voice and his qualitative speech made everyone applaud him.

3. EXCORIATE (verb) आलोचना करना
Meaning: to criticize harshly and usually publicly.
Synonyms: assail, castigate, vituperate, imprecate.
Antonyms: acclaim, compliment, laud, exalt.
Usage: The stern judge will excoriate the behavior of the repeat offender by sentencing him to thirty years in prison.

4. PROTRACTED (adjective) फैला हुआ
Meaning: lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.
Synonyms: expanded, lasting, prolonged, sustained.
Antonyms: abbreviated, abridged, curtailed, shortened.
Usage: Three years of long and protracted negotiations characterized the proposals for an indoor-events arena.

5. APOTHEOSIS (noun) उत्कृष्टता
Meaning: the highest point in the development of something; a culmination or climax.
Synonyms: peak, pinnacle, summit, zenith.
Antonyms: nadir, debasement, jab, imperfectness.
Usage: When my teacher said that my sculpture was the apotheosis of all the other pieces of art in the class, I was thrilled.

6. SPLURGE (verb)  कोलाहपूर्ण प्रदर्शन
Meaning: to spend extravagantly or ostentatiously.
Synonyms: waste, squander, dissipate, disburse.
Antonyms: economize, conserve, preserve, retain.
Usage: Should I splurge on the really nice camera or just buy one of the cheap models?

7. INCORRIGIBLE (adjective) असंशोधनीय
Meaning: not capable of being reformed.
Synonyms: inveterate, incurable, irredeemable, intractable.
Antonyms: rectifiable, reparable, reclaimable, recoverable.
Usage: Even after spending a year in jail, the young man remains incorrigible and unafraid of the law.

8. INCHOATE (adjective) प्रारंभिक
Meaning: just begun and so not fully formed or developed; rudimentary.
Synonyms: budding, inceptive, incipient, nascent.
Antonyms: developed, full-fledged, evolved, ripened.
Usage: Having just come into existence a few years ago, the new political party is considered inchoate by many historians.

9.  FRACTIOUS (adjective) झगड़ालू
Meaning: irritable and quarrelsome.
Synonyms: grumpy, cantankerous, peevish, irascible.
Antonyms: amicable, docile, affable, genial.
Usage: During the concert, police officers were on hand just in case the crowd became fractious.

10. WRANGLE (noun) तकरार
Meaning: a dispute or argument, typically one that is long and complicated.
Synonyms: quarrel, tussle, clash, brawl.
Antonyms: acquiesce, agreement, peace, harmony.
Usage: The two countries fell out in a bitter wrangle over imports.

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