English Vocab

1. Accolade (Noun) - सम्मान
Meaning: an award or privilege granted as a special honour or as an acknowledgment  of merit.

Synonym: honour, recognition, privilege, award, gift, title

Usage: Mrs. Smith is such a great teacher that she is always getting one accolade after another.

2. Vernacular (Noun) - जनभाषा
Meaning: the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people of a country or region.
Synonym: everyday language, spoken language, colloquial speech, slang
Usage: To hold the interest of the community, the playwright penned his play using only the local vernacular.

3. Valedictory (Noun) - विदाई
Meaning: a farewell address.
Synonym: farewell, goodbye, leaving, parting, departing, going away, last, final
Usage: On the last day of school, seniors wrote a valedictory stating what they would miss about high school and read it in front of the class for their final grade.

4. Interdict (Noun) - पाबंदी
Meaning: an authoritative prohibition, in particular
Synonym: prohibition, ban, bar, veto, proscription,
Antonym: corroborate, support
Usage: Because I failed most of my classes last term, my parents will probably interdict me from working this semester.

5. Vitiate (Verb) - दूषित करना
Meaning: spoil or impair the quality or efficiency of.
Synonym: poison, spoil, stain, tarnish, touch, taint
Antonym: Clean, honor, purify
Usage: When peers and bullies apply pressure, it can vitiate the moral character of young people and lead them down the wrong path.

6. Perjury (Noun) - झूठा साक्ष्य
Meaning: the offence of wilfully telling an untruth or making a misrepresentation under oath.
Synonym: violation of an oath, giving false evidence/testimony, bearing false witness/testimony, forswearing oneself, making false statements, wilful falsehood
Usage: The mother who lied about her son's whereabouts will soon face trial for perjury.

7. Plagiarize (Verb) - साहित्यिक चोरी करना
Meaning: take (the work or an idea of someone else) and pass it off as one's own.
Synonym: infringe the copyright of, pirate, steal, poach, borrow,
Usage:  Professional writers who  plagiarize can be taken to court and ordered to pay damages.

8. Chronic (Adjective) - स्थायी
Meaning: continuing or occurring again and again for a long time,  happening or existing frequently or most of the time, always or often doing something specified
Synonym: natural; persistent, regular,
Antonym: unaccustomed, unused; intermittent, occasional
Usage: He suffers from chronic arthritis.

9. Adjudicate (Verb) - निर्णय करना
Meaning: to make an official decision about who is right in a dispute
Synonym: adjudge, judge, arbitrate, decide, determine
Usage: You should never adjudicate a major decision when you are under the influence of alcohol.

10. Punctilious (Adjective) - समयनिष्ठ (पाबंद)
Meaning: showing great attention to detail or correct behaviour.
Synonym: meticulous, conscientious, careful, diligent, attentive,
Antonym: careless, easy-going, slapdash

Usage: While I enjoy cleanliness, I am not so punctilious that I get upset about a little dust on my furniture.

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